SDGs or Sustainable Development Goals might be a familiar term for some or a far away notion for others. In view of our series on Education, we wanted to give a short overview of what SDGs are and what they mean for all of us.
“The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.” UNDP: United Nations Development Programme
The SDGs followed the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs)… Both set of goals were set by the UN members states to tackle worldwide issues.
The MDGs were launched in 2000 to make global progress on poverty, education, health, hunger and the environment and were to be achieved by 2015. In 2015, there was great advance in the achievement of the MDGs. Upon review of all achievements and the areas that still needed work, new development goals were set to carry on the momentum: the SDGs were defined, with a target of 2030.
From the 8 Millenium Development Goals, targets are more refined and we now have 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGs approach every area of life, with targets ranging from health, food and water to life on land and below the sea, going through education, gender equality or climate.
All the SDGs and full details for each of them can be found on the UN website, Dpt of Economic and Social Affairs.
We will look at the Sustainable Development Goal #4, which is the one directly related to Education in a series of articles, starting with its definition in this edition.